Ebola Fact vs. Fiction: Clear out the BS and Hype - Know the Truth

Ebola Prevention, Protection & Information

There's so much fear over Ebola, when really there is very little risk at present.. We found this great page that combines all the current updates and information about Ebola from CDC, WHO, NIH, CIDRAP and others: ( First-Aid-Product.com/Ebola ... See original article for daily Ebola updates )

What is Ebola? How bad is the Current Situation? Do you need Ebola Protective Gear? If so, do you need an Ebola Protection Kit? A Mask? What Kind? Why?

These are the questions we are receiving by phone, email, and social media every day.

First things first - No matter what you have heard, or what viral myths and bad news you've read; know this: Ebola is NOT spread through the air or by water.

At First-Aid-Product.com, we've long held the belief that "scare-selling", "fear-mongering", "price-gouging", and similar practices are not only despicable, but they are bad business, too. If you've been our customer over the decades, you know that in times of emergency (such as Katrina and Sandy) or during elevated threats, pandemics, and epidemics (Swine Flu, Avian Flu, or the Radiation worries after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster when failure occurred as the plant was hit by a tsunami in 2011) we sell what we sell- at the normal prices we sell them at - until they are gone. That's it. If we can restock and supply more, we do. If not, That's it. Nothing more. Moreover, we try to advise our customers and clients against unnecessary precautions and especially against hoarding. This is the case again Today with Ebola... let's look at the situation from a rational point of view - consider the risks or lack thereof, and then you can make your decisions and purchases (if any) from an informed point of view.

Let's start by saying this once again: According to all leading authorities the Ebola Virus is not airborne. (Centers for DIsease Control & Prevention/CDC, World Health Organization/WHO, Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP), National Institutes for Health (NIH) - all agree on this.) Airborne transmission of Ebola virus has been hypothesized but not demonstrated in humans. While Ebola virus can be spread through airborne particles under experimental conditions in animals, this type of spread has not been documented during human EVD outbreaks in settings such as hospitals or households.

Facts about Ebola in USA

You can only get Ebola from:

• Touching the blood or body fluids of a person who is
sick with or has died from Ebola.

• Touching contaminated objects, like needles.

• Touching infected animals, their blood or
other body fluids, or their meat.

What is Ebola?

Ebola is a severe, often fatal disease in humans and non-human primates such as gorillas, chimpanzees, and monkeys.

The virus family Filoviridae includes 3 genera: Marburgvirus, Cuevavirus, and Ebolavirus. There are 5 species that have been identified: Zaire, Bundibugyo, Sudan, Reston and Taï Forest. The first 3, Bundibugyo ebolavirus, Zaire ebolavirus, and Sudan ebolavirus have been associated with large outbreaks in Africa. The virus causing the largest outbreak to date - the 2014 west African outbreak - belongs to the Zaire species.

Ebola History

life cycle of the ebolavirusEbola virus disease (EVD) first appeared in 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks, one in Nzara, Sudan, and the other in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo. The latter occurred in a village near the Ebola River, from which the disease takes its name.

It is thought that fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are natural Ebola virus hosts. Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest.

This graphic to the right shows the life cycle of the ebolavirus. Bats are strongly implicated as both reservoirs and hosts for the ebolavirus. Of the five identified ebolavirus subtypes, four are capable of human-to-human transmission. Initial infections in humans result from contact with an infected bat or other wild animal. Strict isolation of infected patients is essential to reduce onward ebolavirus transmission. Click image to view full size. »

How is Ebola Spread?

You CAN contract this deadly disease through direct contact with the blood or body fluids (including but not limited to feces, saliva, urine, vomit and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola as well as by contact with objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the blood or body fluids of an infected person or with infected animals. Ebola, previously known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a Bloodborne Pathogen.

The virus in the blood & body fluids can enter another person’s body through broken skin or unprotected mucous
membranes such as the eyes, nose, or mouth. Ebola is believed by WHO to also spread through secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people and corpses, and with surfaces and materials (e.g. bedding, clothing) contaminated with these fluids. The risk of EVD transmission from direct skin contact with an EVD patient is lower than the risk from exposure to blood or body fluids and may be more likely in severe illness (when the Ebola virus RNA levels are highest).

Most of the evidence regarding human-to-human transmission of Ebola virus is derived from investigations of previous Ebola outbreaks. Although the current EVD epidemic in West Africa is unprecedented in scale, the clinical course of infection (i.e., incubation period, duration of illness, case fatality rate) and the transmissibility of the virus (i.e., estimations of the basic reproductive number [R0]) are similar to those in earlier EVD outbreaks. In addition, genetic analyses of 99 Ebola virus genomes sequenced from 78 patients from the 2014 outbreak in Sierra Leone suggest that the 2014 EVD outbreak strains are very closely related to viral strains from the two most recent Ebola outbreaks in Central Africa. As has been observed in previous Ebola outbreaks, the genomic sequences from the 2014 EVD outbreak have a small number of distinct genetic changes, but it is not known if these changes have an impact on disease severity or transmissibility

The viruses that cause Ebola are often spread among families
and friends, because they come in close contact with blood or body fluids when caring for the ill.

What are the SIgns & Symptoms of Ebola?

NOTE: A person infected with Ebola is not contagious until symptoms appear.

Signs and Symptoms of Ebola typically include:

• Fever (greater than 101.5°F or 38.6°C)

• Severe headaches

• Muscle pains

• Vomiting & Nausea

• Diarrhea

• Stomach pain or cramping

• Unexplained bleeding or bruising

It can be difficult to distinguish EVD from other infectious diseases such as meningitis, malaria, and typhoid fever. Samples from patients are an extreme biohazard risk; laboratory testing on non-inactivated samples should be conducted under maximum biological containment conditions.

If a person has symptoms of Ebola and had contact with blood or body fluids of a person sick with Ebola,
contact with objects that have been contaminated with blood or body fluids of a person sick with Ebola or contact with
infected animals, the patient should be isolated and public health professionals notified. Samples from the patient can

then be collected and tested to confirm infection.

Confirmation that symptoms are caused by Ebola virus infection are made using the following investigations:

  • antibody-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
  • antigen-capture detection tests
  • reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay
  • electron microscopy
  • virus isolation by cell culture.
  • serum neutralization test

Symptoms may appear between 2 and 21 days from exposure to Ebola but the average is 8 to 10 days.

Recovery from Ebola depends on the patient’s immune response. People who recover from Ebola infection develop
antibodies that last for at least 10 years. Once a patient recovers from Ebola, they can no longer spread the virus. Importantly, however, Ebola virus has been found in semen for up to 3 months. Abstinence from sex (including oral sex) is recommended for at least 3 months. According to the CDC "If abstinence is not possible, condoms may help prevent the spread of disease."

What is the Treatment for Ebola?

There is no FDA-approved vaccine available for Ebola. Currently there are no specific vaccines or medicines (such as antiviral drug) that have been proven to be effective

against Ebola.
Symptoms of Ebola are treated as they appear.

The following basic interventions, when used early, can significantly
improve the chances of survival:

  • Providing intravenous(IV) fluids and balancing electrolytes (body salts)
  • Maintaining oxygen status and blood pressure
  • Treating other infections if they occur

Timely treatment of Ebola is important but challenging since the disease is difficult to diagnose clinically in the early
stages of infection. Because early symptoms such as headache and fever are not specific to Ebolaviruses, cases of
Ebola may be initially misdiagnosed.

Supportive therapy can
continue with proper protective clothing until samples from the patient are tested to confirm infection .Supportive care-rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids- and treatment of specific symptoms, improves survival. There is as yet no proven treatment available for Ebola Virus Disease (EVD.) A range of potential treatments including blood products, immune therapies and drug therapies are currently being evaluated. No licensed vaccines are available yet, but 2 potential vaccines are undergoing human safety testing.

How bad is the Ebola situation in the US?

The 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history. This outbreak is affecting multiple countries in West Africa, and CDC has confirmed the first travel-associated cases of Ebola to be diagnosed in the United States. About half the people who have gotten Ebola in this outbreak have died. At the time of this posting, there were two (2) travel-related cases of Ebola Disease in the USA - one (1) death.
Although the risk of Ebola spreading in the United States is very low, the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention and its partners are taking actions to prevent this from happening.

During outbreaks of Ebola, those at highest risk include healthcare workers and the family and friends of a person infected with Ebola.

All cases of human illness or death from Ebola have occurred in Africa (with the exception of several laboratory contamination cases: one in England and two in Russia and one travel-related death in the US). One travel-associated case was diagnosed in the United States on September 30, 2014. On October 12, 2014, a healthcare worker at Texas Presbyterian Hospital who provided care for the index patient has tested positive for Ebola. CDC confirms that the healthcare worker is positive for Ebola. This infected a healthcare worker at the care facility, who has now been admitted for care at an NIH (National Institutes for Health) facility.

The CDC recognizes that even a single case of Ebola diagnosed in the United States raises concerns. Knowing the possibility exists, medical and public health professionals across the country have been preparing to respond. CDC and public health officials in Texas are taking precautions to identify people who have had close personal contact with the ill person and health care professionals have been reminded to use meticulous infection control at all times.

Is there a danger of Ebola spreading in the U.S.? Ebola is not spread through casual contact; therefore, the risk of an outbreak in the U.S. is very low. Health authorities know how to stop Ebola’s further spread: thorough case finding, isolation of ill people, contacting people exposed to the ill person, and further isolation of contacts if they develop symptoms. The U.S. public health and medical systems have had prior experience with sporadic cases of diseases such as Ebola. In the past decade, the United States had 5 imported cases of Viral Hemorrhagic Fever (VHF) diseases similar to Ebola (1 Marburg, 4 Lassa). None resulted in any transmission in the United States.

Are people who were on the plane with this patient at risk? A person must have symptoms to spread Ebola to others. The ill person did not exhibit symptoms of Ebola during the flights from West Africa and CDC does not recommend that people on the same commercial airline flights undergo monitoring. The person reported developing symptoms five days after the return flight. CDC and public health officials in Texas are taking precautions to identify people who have had close personal contact with the ill person and health care professionals have been reminded to use meticulous infection control at all times.

The CDC has activated its Emergency Operations Center (EOC) to help coordinate technical assistance and control activities with partners. CDC has deployed several teams of public health experts to the West Africa region and plans to send additional public health experts to the affected countries to expand current response activities. Airport screenings for Ebola are now beginning at JFK, O’Hare, Hartsfield, Newark and Dulles Airports for travelers returning from or through Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The screening procedure will include passengers having their temperature taken with non-contact thermometers and answering questions to determine their potential exposure.

If an ill traveler arrives in the U.S., CDC has protocols in place to protect against further spread of disease. These protocols include having airline crew notify CDC of ill travelers on a plane before arrival, evaluation of ill travelers, and isolation and transport to a medical facility if needed. CDC, along with Customs & Border Patrol, has also provided guidance to airlines for managing ill passengers and crew and for disinfecting aircraft. CDC has issued a Health Alert Notice reminding U.S. healthcare workers about the importance of taking steps to prevent the spread of this virus, how to test and isolate patients with suspected cases, and how to protect themselves from infection.

How can you prevent Ebola Infection?

PROTECT YOURSELF

          PROTECT YOUR FAMILY

                    PROTECT YOUR COMMUNITY

                                        ...From the Ebola Virus.

Remember - Ebolavirus is a Blood Borne Pathogen - so first and foremost, remember to practice the same Universal Precautions you would whenever coming into contact with Blood or Other Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIM):

  1. Avoid contact with the blood or body fluids of an injured casualty while providing care.
  2. When possible, use non-latex or some form of protective gloves, barrier masks, and other appropriate articles of Personal Protective Equipment.
  3. Wash hands, and any exposed area with soap and warm water immediately after engaging in First Aid practices or coming into contact with another person who may have been exposed to a BBP..
  4. Immediately report any suspected exposure incident to a physician for evaluation and treatment.

The basis behind Universal Precautions is that it may be difficult or impossible to tell if an individual may have an infectious disease.

With this in mind, it is important to treat ALL casualties as if they are known to be infectious. Universal Precautions means that personal protective equipment, cautious treatment procedures, proper cleanup, and
conscientious reporting must be observed EVERY TIME with EVERYBODY.

 

DO DO NOT
  • Always wash your hand thoroughly with warm water and antibacterial soap. Hand Sanitizers can add additional protection.
  • Touch people
    with signs of Ebola or
    have died of Ebola.
  • Avoid contact with blood and body fluids of any person, particularly someone who is sick.
  • Touch clothes or
    bedding or handle items that may have come in contact with an infected person’s blood or body fluids like needles,
    or medical equipment.. Also do not touch the body of someone who has died from Ebola.
  • Cook all foods, especially meats, thoroughly.
  • Touch bats and nonhuman primates or their blood and fluids and do not touch or eat raw meat prepared from these animals.
  • Cover up in the presence of anyone even suspected of contagion (masks, gloves, impermeable gowns, and goggles and/or face shields)
 
  • Seek medical care immediately if you develop fever (temperature of 100.4°F/ 38.0°C or higher) and any of the other following symptoms: headache, muscle pain, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, or unexplained bruising or bleeding.
    • Limit your contact with other people until and when you go to the doctor. Do not travel anywhere else besides a healthcare facility. Tell your doctor about any recent contact with an infected (or possibly infected) person, any travel (especially to West Africa) and your symptoms BEFORE you go

      to the doctor’s office or emergency room. Calling before you go to the

      doctor’s office or emergency room will help the staff care for you and

      protect other people.
 

 

NEW FROM THE CDC!

  • Use a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered hospital disinfectant with a label claim for a non-enveloped virus (e.g., norovirus, rotavirus, adenovirus, poliovirus) to disinfect environmental surfaces in rooms of patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus infection. Although there are no products with specific label claims against the Ebola virus, enveloped viruses such as Ebola are susceptible to a broad range of hospital disinfectants used to disinfect hard, non-porous surfaces. In contrast, non-enveloped viruses are more resistant to disinfectants. As a precaution, selection of a disinfectant product with a higher potency than what is normally required for an enveloped virus is being recommended at this time. EPA-registered hospital disinfectants with label claims against non-enveloped viruses (e.g., norovirus, rotavirus, adenovirus, poliovirus) are broadly antiviral and capable of inactivating both enveloped and non-enveloped viruses.
  • Sanizide Germicidal Solution is a disinfectant with label claims against non-enveloped viruses (Norovirus & Poliovirus)

According to the CDC & WHO - When cases of the disease do appear, there is increased risk of transmission within healthcare settings. Therefore,
healthcare workers must be able to recognize a case of Ebola and be ready to use appropriate infection control
measures. The aim of these techniques is to avoid contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected patient.

The role of the environment in transmission has not been established. Limited laboratory studies under favorable conditions indicate that Ebolavirus can remain viable on solid surfaces, with concentrations falling slowly over several days. In the only study to assess contamination of the patient care environment during an outbreak, virus was not detected in any of 33 samples collected from sites that were not visibly bloody. However, virus was detected on a blood-stained glove and bloody intravenous insertion site. There is no epidemiologic evidence of Ebolavirus transmission via either the environment or fomites that could become contaminated during patient care (e.g., bed rails, door knobs, laundry). However, given the apparent low infectious dose, potential of high virus titers in the blood of ill patients, and disease severity, higher levels of precaution are warranted to reduce the potential risk posed by contaminated surfaces in the patient care environment.

Whether in a healthcare setting or elsewhere, when suspicion of contagion with Ebola exists, appropriate procedures include:

  • isolation of patients with Ebola from contact with unprotected persons
  • wearing of protective clothing (including masks, gloves, impermeable gowns, and goggles or face shields) by
    persons caring for Ebola patients
  • the use of other infection-control measures (such as complete equipment sterilization and routine use of
    disinfectant)
  • Avoid touching the bodies of patients who have died from Ebola

NOTE: CDC has issued a Warning, Level 3 travel notice for U.S. citizens to avoid nonessential travel to Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. CDC has downgraded the travel notice for Nigeria to a Watch, Level 1 because of the decreased risk of Ebola in Nigeria. Travelers to Nigeria should practice usual precautions. CDC has also issued an Alert, Level 2 travel notice for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). A small number of Ebola cases have been reported in the DRC, though current information indicates that this outbreak is not related to the ongoing Ebola outbreak in West Africa. For travel notices and other information for travelers, visit the CDC's Travelers’ Health Ebola web page.

“We recognize that even
a single case of Ebola in
the United States seems
threatening, but the simple
truth is that we do know how
to stop the spread of Ebola
between people.”

—Beth Bell, MD, MPH, Director of the

National Center for Emerging and

Zoonotic Infectious Diseases

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (Ebola HF) Information, Updates, Prevention, Protection: Facts vs. Fiction

Prevention and Protection from Ebola

ARTICLE FROM First-Aid-Product.com/Ebola ... See original article for daily Ebola updates

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